Secularity or Secularism: Two Competing Visions for the Relationship between Religion and the State in the New Turkish Constitution
Brett G. Scharffs, 𝘚𝘦𝘤𝘶𝘭𝘢𝘳𝘪𝘵𝘺 𝘰𝘳 𝘚𝘦𝘤𝘶𝘭𝘢𝘳𝘪𝘴𝘮: 𝘛𝘸𝘰 𝘊𝘰𝘮𝘱𝘦𝘵𝘪𝘯𝘨 𝘝𝘪𝘴𝘪𝘰𝘯𝘴 𝘧𝘰𝘳 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘙𝘦𝘭𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯𝘴𝘩𝘪𝘱 𝘣𝘦𝘵𝘸𝘦𝘦𝘯 𝘙𝘦𝘭𝘪𝘨𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘚𝘵𝘢𝘵𝘦 𝘪𝘯 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘕𝘦𝘸 𝘛𝘶𝘳𝘬𝘪𝘴𝘩 𝘊𝘰𝘯𝘴𝘵𝘪𝘵𝘶𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯, 𝘪𝘯 Iɴᴛᴇʀɴᴀᴛɪᴏɴᴀʟ Cᴏɴɢʀᴇss ᴏɴ Cᴏɴsᴛɪᴛᴜᴛɪᴏɴᴀʟ Lᴀᴡ: Bᴏᴏᴋ ᴏғ Pᴀᴘᴇʀs 362 (2011).
secular, secularism, secularity, religion, state, religious extremism, beliefs
One of the most controversial issues in crafting a new constitution for Turkey will likely be the definition and conceptualization of what kind of secular state Turkey envisions for itself and what the relationship between religion and the state ought to be. In this paper I want to suggest that there is an important, perhaps critical, distinction between secularity and secularism - in particular that one concept is a fundamental component of liberal pluralism and a bastion against religious extremism, and that the other is a misguided, even dangerous, ideology that may degenerate into its own dystopian funddamentalism. Secularity is an approach to religion-state relations that avoids identification of the state with any particular religion or ideology (including secularism itself) and that endeavors to provide a neutral framework capable of accommodating a broad range of religions and beliefs. Secularism, in contrast, is an ideological position that is committed to promoting a secular order. In this paper I will illustrate the difference between these conceptualizations of the secular state with examples of cases from several different jurisdictions focusing on the institutional relationships between religion and the state, and the individual’s relationship with the state.
International Congress on Constitutional Law: Book of Papers
in International Congress on Constitutional Law: Book of Papers